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三农问题调查报告调查报告

三农问题的调查报告调查报告 广东三农问题的调查报告及其哲学分析前言:在经济比较发达的广东省,城市和农村的差异如何?都有那些农村问题?正是本文要阐述的的内容,本人利用寒假的时间回家和几位同学做了一个月的调查。现在整理出来和大家分享,并对其中的问题做一些哲学的分析。通过本次调查广东的三农问题有了一定的了解,加上本人也是一个土生土长的农村孩子,因此能保证调查的真实性。希望本文能加深大家对广东三农问题的认识,以及了解如何用哲学知识来分析其中存在的问题!主体:一、背景和调查内容在“湛江海洋大学解决广东三农问题路径研究课题组”的号召下,本人利用寒假的的时间,既XX年1月20到2月20日。在自己居住的广东省肇庆市莲塘镇和附近的蛟塘镇展开了关于农民、农村、农业问题的调查。在此同时,湛江海洋大学在广东各地的学生也回到自己居住地做这样的调查。调查的内容主要是农民的生活水平、税收以及各地方的政策实施情况。此次调查目的是:了解广东各地存在的三农问题,分析其解决的方法,总结一些经验和建议,为省政府新政策的出台出谋献策!二、调查对象选择及其基本情况 此次调查的对象是全广东的农民,而我负责的我莲塘阵和蛟塘镇的,这些农民种田养殖为主,子女有的读书,有的外出打工,而其中的种养大户只是极少的一部分!三、调查的方法 利用抽样调查的方式,每个镇4个村委会,每个村委会7户人以上,做一分比较详细的问卷调查。其中必须包括最大养殖户、最大种植户、最大打工户、最大砍柴户、最穷户等类型的。由于农民绝大多数不会填表,我们同学三人就一个和他们聊天,其他两人分别做填表和记录。最后三人一起整理表格。其中比价重要的一点的就是,要找他们本村的人带路到农户家中,可以是你的朋友,亲戚或者是他们他们村比较相信你的人都可以。这样可以大大减轻农户对我们的戒心,大大的提高了我们调查的可靠程度!四、调查的基本数据莲塘镇 蛟塘镇125平方公里 万平方公里5.7万人 万人人均年收入2000-3000元 人均年收入1500-2000元工业园区少, 工业园区多出外经商,打工多 种养多基础设施好 基础设施较差交通相对不好 有国道经过五、调查过程及讨论在调查的过程中,我们很讲究时间的统安排。早上利用政府办公的时间与他们协调问卷的事情,然后把问卷留下给政府的人填。了解了一些关于镇上的一些基本情况后,我们就开始着手调查村委和农户了。我们的资料来源不单是来自政府,还有通过亲戚,朋友,同学等方面了解全镇的情况。然后开始调查比较有代表性的4条村。这样我们的调查就比较全面的反映这里的农民问题。当然,其中也发现一些问题。有些农户说得不真实,我们就从他们的子女或临近的人去了解他们的真实情况。不过这次调查令我过程最深的在蛟塘镇洞口村的情况。这条村的人主要是种植和养鸡的,而且规模比其他村大很多,一般都有十多亩地的。所以经常回有很多菜和鸡要拿到市场销售的,但这条村的地理位置很偏僻刚好是市界,最近的市场要到佛山的高明区。我到了那条村,每家人都向我抱怨交通不方便的。经了解,该村到市场的路是非常烂的石头路,凹凸不平的,摩托车也经常坏的,我坐车经过那条路的时候也是屁股也疼的!我问他们为什么不修路,他们说路早就说要修了,而且是他们村自己出钱,高明区的村不让他们修水泥路,说地方不是他们的所以不让他们修路!这修路可是好事情,但由于各地方政府的相互限制就发了这样不可思议的事情。经过那条路,我痛的只是屁股,而洞口村的村民,不单是屁股痛,还有那内心无奈的痛!六、解决“三农”问题的方法加强和巩固农业的基础地位,加大对农业的支持和保护,切实维护农民的生存权和发展权;要加快县、乡、村三级机构改革和职能转变,精简机构和人员,改进管理,增强服务,降低费用,减轻农民负担;要加快农产品流通体制改革,给农民经营自主权;要加快政策调整和改革的步伐,促进经济增长,启动市场需求,推动农村经济的发展;加快户籍制度改革,推进城镇化进程,鼓励、支持农民在非农领域实现就业,让农民在耕地以外找到生存和发展的新空间。从农民自身的角度谈谈如何增加农民收入①转变观念。树立市场经济观念,发展农业产业化经营;调整产品。要以市场为导向,发挥区域比较优势,调整农产率结构;依靠科技。要采用先进技术,提高农产品质量,提高劳动生产率,提高产品竞争力;加工增值。要发展农产品深加工,增加农产品的附加值;开拓市场。要积极开拓国际国内市场,拓宽农产品销售渠道;⑥规模经营。要转变农业增长方式,走集约化道路,实行规模经营。七、哲学分析主次矛盾辩证关系。在复杂事物发展过程中,主次矛盾相互依赖、相互联系、相互影响并在一定条件下可以相互转化。这一原理要求我们在工作中要善于抓住重点,集中力量解决主要矛盾;同时又要处理好次要矛盾。农民收入增长缓慢既是新阶段面临的突出矛盾,又是事关全局的重大问题,农民增收问题是农业和农村工作的重中之重,同时又要统筹解决好扶贫开发、农村基层民主等一系列问题,这都是上述观点的具体体现。量变与质变辩证关系。任何事物的变化发展都是量变和质变的统一,不仅事物在数量上的增减能引起质变,而且构成事物的成分在结构和排列次序上发生变化,也能引起质变。农业和农村经济结构调整是增加农民收人的根本途径,从根本上改变我国农业粗放经营的状态,使农民面向市场而生产,参与市场竞争,提高农产品质量,提高企业经济效益,从而使农民增收,促进农民奔小康。内外因辩证关系。任何事物的变化发展,都是内因和外因共同作用的结果,内因是根据,外因是条件,外因通过内因而起作用。搞好农村改革,尊重农民的首创精神.调动农民的积极性,同时政府要因势利导,当前农业的产业化经营正式成为农业和农村经济进一步发展的经营方式,这是继家庭承包经营和乡镇企业之后的农民的又一伟大创造,政府积极扶持引导,使之健康发展,体现了内外因的关系。一分为二观点及前进性与曲折性相统一的观点。中国入世给中国农业带来一定挑战,但也是一种机遇,体现了一分为二的观点,也体现了事物发展的前进性和曲折性统一的原理。

 

the "research" make great efforts to provide more targeted for leadership, predictability and effectiveness of comments and suggestions.(three) adhere to the information planning as an important means of expanding. The sources of information, through the network, the media and other channels, increase integration efforts the work of the Communist Youth League and youth information dynamic information resources, increase the information planning efforts to refine the Communist Youth League, and give full play to the role of information reference, to improve the quality of information as a fundamental, outstanding information work sensitivity and timeliness, timely, accurately, comprehensively reflect the municipal Party committee, municipal government, the Central Committee of the implementation of a major deployment, leadership attention, hot and difficult issues of concern to the masses and some important emergencies, timely provide all kinds of deep and valuable component of the following information. Continue to deepen the information research and information feedback system, information report system, information reporting system, information delivery system and information notification system, and constantly improve the information work of the assessment, incentive mechanism, improve the long-term mechanism to improve the information work of sustainable development.Two, pay close attention to contact and communication, efforts to improve the ability of comprehensive coordinationGive full play to a contact, pivotal role, coordination of the parties in accordance with the standard, efficient, high quality principles, firmly establish the principle of service, and effectively improve the level of policy theory, grasp the method of coordinating work, conscientiously do service leadership, service and Service Corps cadres.(a) do to actively carry out coordination. Upstream municipal Party committee, municipal government work report, and the central mission to understand, grasp the key ideas and working organs, targeted focus on reporting the work of mission, to focus on the city's superior league, major activities, attention, support and help.(two) do parallel coordination. To strengthen the contact and communication with the municipal departments, actively seek for the work of care, support, optimize the external environment. To strengthen the group work of the Communist Youth League and other provinces and cities, to grasp the work around the dynamic, active learning around the work experience, the effective integration of resources within the group, and the Communist Youth League career development.(three) earnestly grassroots coordination. Further increase communication efforts, strengthen the organizations at various levels to guide the work of the office and communication, to ensure the situation, reported lower levels of strength, and strive to the grassroots, inspired by the basic spirit of innovation, the formation of good ability of the league office work.Three, pay close attention to the quality of official documents, efforts to improve the ability to deal with textAdhere to high standards, strict requirements, careful attention to the drafting of the draft work, strict document drafting, audit clearance, proof reading and quality control, and strive to improve the ability to deal with the text, and the overall work of the service center.(a) earnestly. To further establish the draft document presentation system research, adhere to the practice, especially the drafting of important days and months multiplying, concentrating on the presentation of the research, understand the situation the situation, fully understand the intention of the leadership, to ensure the output, quality, and constantly improve the quality of manuscript. A manuscript quality appraisal system, the implementation of quantitative assessment, each quarter the comparison of office draft manuscript quality. Establish a reward system to reward the outstanding manuscript selection out, the wrong investigated persons responsible for the major errors.(two) strict master document quality. Strengthening document quality awareness, efforts in the drafting of documents, audit checks, printed all aspects of efforts, strict policy documents audit, content, format and procedures, adhere to the upper and lower check, and check before and after the check, ensure the document style format in the understanding of leadership intentions in place, ideas in the language in place, and strive to improve the quality of various documents.(three) a comprehensive specification document operation. To further standardize the document transfer procedures, emphasizing the precision in document processing, in strict accordance with the operating procedures document sign, registration, approval, distribution, handling, repaying, filing, ensure the document processing standard, accurate, and efficient. Especially to strict dispatch, strict audit document content. Strictly implement the document procedures step by step Shenqian, strict and unified file format, to ensure the normative document. Further the implementation of electronic document processing mode, the full implementation of OA office system, efforts to improve the work efficiency.Four, pay close attention to the work of supervision, efforts to improve the executive abilityThe city's major issues and focus on the overall work of the Communist Youth League to carry out supervision and inspection, insist on the idea, the handling of the key, efforts to promote the implementation of decisions, to ensure that government decrees.(a) on the center of focus on supervision. In accordance with the "grasp the overall situation, focused, practical, quantitative refinement" principle, conscientiously fulfill the supervision function, focusing on the important deployment, major decisions of the party will, secretary's office, department heads meeting agreed matters assigned by the leadership group, the book down and do the important matters and the regiment the key work to focus on supervision, to ensure that the inspection item piece is an echo, everything in the bag, to promote the work carried out smoothly.(two) grasp the key special supervision. According to different periods of work needs, focus on leadership, social concern, hot and difficult problem of youth reflects the implementation of regular and dynamic supervision of special work assigned by the leadership of the special work of tracking supervision, regularly held the Department responsible for the regular inspection work carried out inspection stage. Check or the implementation of the work, to the work of the special supervision and implementation.(three) innovative ways to promote the supervision. To further improve the effectiveness of supervision and inspection work, really play a role in promoting the implementation work. To further improve and perfect the supervision report system, inspection notification system, regularly carry out random checks of the supervision matters, to highlight the effectiveness of the inspection work, to effectively promote the work carried out.Five, pay close attention to daily management, efforts to improve logistical support capacityAccording to "do great things, do small things, start from the details; General requirements from the overall situation", pay close attention to daily management, enhance the foresight and initiative work, do the work of early preparation, program cost fine plan, artful arrangement, high quality services.(a) further strengthen the authority of hardware construction. Combined with the "three hit" work, to further promote the party organ culture construction, and actively carry out party building advanced units, units of civilization, to create the homes of the workers, further standardize internal office conditions, perfect decoration authorities canteen, strengthening the Office building management, further improve the authority office environment.(two) to further strengthen the organization system construction. The implementation of the municipal Party committee of various rules and regulations, in accordance with the norms of management, efficient principle, perfect all kinds of meetings, document processing, logistics system, perfect a set of scientific and reasonable comprehensive coverage, the rules of the system. To strengthen the day-to-day management work, continuously enhance the rigor and the scientific management, according to the requirements of task decomposition, refinement of quantitative indicators, realize the work determination, work process standardization, work system, to promote the daily work efficient and orderly operation.(three) to further strengthen the fine financial management authority. Hold on to open source, to further increase funding for efforts, multi-channel for funding, strengthen the overall financial institutions. The authorities adhere to grasp the throttle, vehicle maintenance, major conference activities, network maintenance and other major expenditure to implement the budget control at the beginning of the year, authorities to strictly implement the financial management system, do a good job the pre final accounts, financial institutions, financial analysis and financial statements related. Adhere to the financial reporting system, improve the efficiency in the use of assets, and the Communist Youth League work continued to develop.(four) to further strengthen security work earnestly. Confidentiality of confidential confidential documents, strict implementation of the management system, security system, focus on the secret of the computer and network security management, strict management measures. Actively carry out regular security education, provided security awareness high cadres of workers, to prevent the loss occurred leak phenomenon. To strengthen the archives management work, conscientiously implement the archives, seal management system, actively carry out the relevant documents, materials, letters and pictures materials collection, registration and filing. The strict safety responsibility system, strictly holidays and night security duty system, strengthen the major work Moving safety work, to ensure safe and orderly.(five) to further strengthen the daily service work. To firmly establish the "rules as standard" point of view, whether do the text, do, act, or on duty, reception, security in strict accordance with the rules, according to the procedures, to ensure standardized operation. Take care of cadres of workers life, seriously deal with the party to do things for the project for the masses and actively improve the cadres of workers welfare. Strict management of vehicles, official vehicles. To ensure the implementation of office smile service system and first asked the first joint service system, the implementation of service complaints system, ensure the quality of service continues to increase.Six, pay close attention to team building, focus on improving the ability to open up innovationIn accordance with the "build a first-class team, with first-class team, a first-class performance, tree class image," the overall requirements, and vigorously strengthen the construction of cadres and workers, and promote the healthy growth of cadres and workers and all-round development.(a) establish the right work ethic. Firmly establish the concept of office work, have a brilliant future, strengthen the sense of innovation, enhance innovation and courage, to free from old ideas, actively respond to the development requirements of the new situation, actively adapt to the new leadership strictly from the high requirements, innovation and breakthrough, promote office work the steps in innovation.(two) to strengthen the ideological and political construction. Continue to consolidate communist education on Party members'advancement activities and enhance awareness of the Communist Youth League education achievements, serious ideological and political work of office staff, carry out the "dedication in the post work, first-class theme contest activities, and guide the cadres and workers to firmly establish a correct outlook on life. And values, the firm high political consciousness, firm political position, strict political discipline, strengthen the cadres and workers of political awareness, overall awareness, sense of service, efforts to form a diligent, efficient, innovative,Rigorous working atmosphere.(three) to carry out the policy theory of learning. To improve the office of cadres and workers pay close attention to the quality of training and learning, strengthen business knowledge and comprehensive knowledge, constantly optimize the knowledge structure, improve the overall quality of the level of proficiency and more than one post to the "Office of the cadres and workers to deal with specific issues. Adhere to the new period of the focus group the overall work, in-depth analysis and exploration of the functions of the office development and the direction of development, and strive to improve the overall awareness and service level of the office of cadres and workers. There are plans, steps to arrange the staff to participate in the exchange of learning and testing exercise, and strengthen the office of the Communist Youth League, and other provinces and cities Level office of the office of business exchanges, and strive to form a strong learning atmosphere.(four) to strengthen the team building. Stick with the system of management, strict implementation of the work system, strictly regulate the work procedures; adhere to the training of people with business, the cadres and workers more responsibility, more to provide the stage, to help with, strengthen staff training; adhere to unite people with feelings, really care about the work, learning and life style; adhere to infect people, guide the cadres and workers of self-discipline, dedication, unity, pragmatic, hard-working and carry forward the spirit of selfless dedication, a successful career in the extraordinary position; adhere to work drive, office team members adhere to lead, take the lead To be, learning, solidarity, pragmatic and incorruptible example.Attachment 2:XX municipal Party committee of the Communist Youth League work points,With Deng Xiaoping theory and the important thought of "Three Represents" as guidance,

the "research" make great efforts to provide more targeted for leadership, predictability and effectiveness of comments and suggestions.(three) adhere to the information planning as an important means of expanding. The sources of information, through the network, the media and other channels, increase integration efforts the work of the Communist Youth League and youth information dynamic information resources, increase the information planning efforts to refine the Communist Youth League, and give full play to the role of information reference, to improve the quality of information as a fundamental, outstanding information work sensitivity and timeliness, timely, accurately, comprehensively reflect the municipal Party committee, municipal government, the Central Committee of the implementation of a major deployment, leadership attention, hot and difficult issues of concern to the masses and some important emergencies, timely provide all kinds of deep and valuable component of the following information. Continue to deepen the information research and information feedback system, information report system, information reporting system, information delivery system and information notification system, and constantly improve the information work of the assessment, incentive mechanism, improve the long-term mechanism to improve the information work of sustainable development.Two, pay close attention to contact and communication, efforts to improve the ability of comprehensive coordinationGive full play to a contact, pivotal role, coordination of the parties in accordance with the standard, efficient, high quality principles, firmly establish the principle of service, and effectively improve the level of policy theory, grasp the method of coordinating work, conscientiously do service leadership, service and Service Corps cadres.(a) do to actively carry out coordination. Upstream municipal Party committee, municipal government work report, and the central mission to understand, grasp the key ideas and working organs, targeted focus on reporting the work of mission, to focus on the city's superior league, major activities, attention, support and help.(two) do parallel coordination. To strengthen the contact and communication with the municipal departments, actively seek for the work of care, support, optimize the external environment. To strengthen the group work of the Communist Youth League and other provinces and cities, to grasp the work around the dynamic, active learning around the work experience, the effective integration of resources within the group, and the Communist Youth League career development.(three) earnestly grassroots coordination. Further increase communication efforts, strengthen the organizations at various levels to guide the work of the office and communication, to ensure the situation, reported lower levels of strength, and strive to the grassroots, inspired by the basic spirit of innovation, the formation of good ability of the league office work.Three, pay close attention to the quality of official documents, efforts to improve the ability to deal with textAdhere to high standards, strict requirements, careful attention to the drafting of the draft work, strict document drafting, audit clearance, proof reading and quality control, and strive to improve the ability to deal with the text, and the overall work of the service center.(a) earnestly. To further establish the draft document presentation system research, adhere to the practice, especially the drafting of important days and months multiplying, concentrating on the presentation of the research, understand the situation the situation, fully understand the intention of the leadership, to ensure the output, quality, and constantly improve the quality of manuscript. A manuscript quality appraisal system, the implementation of quantitative assessment, each quarter the comparison of office draft manuscript quality. Establish a reward system to reward the outstanding manuscript selection out, the wrong investigated persons responsible for the major errors.(two) strict master document quality. Strengthening document quality awareness, efforts in the drafting of documents, audit checks, printed all aspects of efforts, strict policy documents audit, content, format and procedures, adhere to the upper and lower check, and check before and after the check, ensure the document style format in the understanding of leadership intentions in place, ideas in the language in place, and strive to improve the quality of various documents.(three) a comprehensive specification document operation. To further standardize the document transfer procedures, emphasizing the precision in document processing, in strict accordance with the operating procedures document sign, registration, approval, distribution, handling, repaying, filing, ensure the document processing standard, accurate, and efficient. Especially to strict dispatch, strict audit document content. Strictly implement the document procedures step by step Shenqian, strict and unified file format, to ensure the normative document. Further the implementation of electronic document processing mode, the full implementation of OA office system, efforts to improve the work efficiency.Four, pay close attention to the work of supervision, efforts to improve the executive abilityThe city's major issues and focus on the overall work of the Communist Youth League to carry out supervision and inspection, insist on the idea, the handling of the key, efforts to promote the implementation of decisions, to ensure that government decrees.(a) on the center of focus on supervision. In accordance with the "grasp the overall situation, focused, practical, quantitative refinement" principle, conscientiously fulfill the supervision function, focusing on the important deployment, major decisions of the party will, secretary's office, department heads meeting agreed matters assigned by the leadership group, the book down and do the important matters and the regiment the key work to focus on supervision, to ensure that the inspection item piece is an echo, everything in the bag, to promote the work carried out smoothly.(two) grasp the key special supervision. According to different periods of work needs, focus on leadership, social concern, hot and difficult problem of youth reflects the implementation of regular and dynamic supervision of special work assigned by the leadership of the special work of tracking supervision, regularly held the Department responsible for the regular inspection work carried out inspection stage. Check or the implementation of the work, to the work of the special supervision and implementation.(three) innovative ways to promote the supervision. To further improve the effectiveness of supervision and inspection work, really play a role in promoting the implementation work. To further improve and perfect the supervision report system, inspection notification system, regularly carry out random checks of the supervision matters, to highlight the effectiveness of the inspection work, to effectively promote the work carried out.Five, pay close attention to daily management, efforts to improve logistical support capacityAccording to "do great things, do small things, start from the details; General requirements from the overall situation", pay close attention to daily management, enhance the foresight and initiative work, do the work of early preparation, program cost fine plan, artful arrangement, high quality services.(a) further strengthen the authority of hardware construction. Combined with the "three hit" work, to further promote the party organ culture construction, and actively carry out party building advanced units, units of civilization, to create the homes of the workers, further standardize internal office conditions, perfect decoration authorities canteen, strengthening the Office building management, further improve the authority office environment.(two) to further strengthen the organization system construction. The implementation of the municipal Party committee of various rules and regulations, in accordance with the norms of management, efficient principle, perfect all kinds of meetings, document processing, logistics system, perfect a set of scientific and reasonable comprehensive coverage, the rules of the system. To strengthen the day-to-day management work, continuously enhance the rigor and the scientific management, according to the requirements of task decomposition, refinement of quantitative indicators, realize the work determination, work process standardization, work system, to promote the daily work efficient and orderly operation.(three) to further strengthen the fine financial management authority. Hold on to open source, to further increase funding for efforts, multi-channel for funding, strengthen the overall financial institutions. The authorities adhere to grasp the throttle, vehicle maintenance, major conference activities, network maintenance and other major expenditure to implement the budget control at the beginning of the year, authorities to strictly implement the financial management system, do a good job the pre final accounts, financial institutions, financial analysis and financial statements related. Adhere to the financial reporting system, improve the efficiency in the use of assets, and the Communist Youth League work continued to develop.(four) to further strengthen security work earnestly. Confidentiality of confidential confidential documents, strict implementation of the management system, security system, focus on the secret of the computer and network security management, strict management measures. Actively carry out regular security education, provided security awareness high cadres of workers, to prevent the loss occurred leak phenomenon. To strengthen the archives management work, conscientiously implement the archives, seal management system, actively carry out the relevant documents, materials, letters and pictures materials collection, registration and filing. The strict safety responsibility system, strictly holidays and night security duty system, strengthen the major work Moving safety work, to ensure safe and orderly.(five) to further strengthen the daily service work. To firmly establish the "rules as standard" point of view, whether do the text, do, act, or on duty, reception, security in strict accordance with the rules, according to the procedures, to ensure standardized operation. Take care of cadres of workers life, seriously deal with the party to do things for the project for the masses and actively improve the cadres of workers welfare. Strict management of vehicles, official vehicles. To ensure the implementation of office smile service system and first asked the first joint service system, the implementation of service complaints system, ensure the quality of service continues to increase.Six, pay close attention to team building, focus on improving the ability to open up innovationIn accordance with the "build a first-class team, with first-class team, a first-class performance, tree class image," the overall requirements, and vigorously strengthen the construction of cadres and workers, and promote the healthy growth of cadres and workers and all-round development.(a) establish the right work ethic. Firmly establish the concept of office work, have a brilliant future, strengthen the sense of innovation, enhance innovation and courage, to free from old ideas, actively respond to the development requirements of the new situation, actively adapt to the new leadership strictly from the high requirements, innovation and breakthrough, promote office work the steps in innovation.(two) to strengthen the ideological and political construction. Continue to consolidate communist education on Party members'advancement activities and enhance awareness of the Communist Youth League education achievements, serious ideological and political work of office staff, carry out the "dedication in the post work, first-class theme contest activities, and guide the cadres and workers to firmly establish a correct outlook on life. And values, the firm high political consciousness, firm political position, strict political discipline, strengthen the cadres and workers of political awareness, overall awareness, sense of service, efforts to form a diligent, efficient, innovative,Rigorous working atmosphere.(three) to carry out the policy theory of learning. To improve the office of cadres and workers pay close attention to the quality of training and learning, strengthen business knowledge and comprehensive knowledge, constantly optimize the knowledge structure, improve the overall quality of the level of proficiency and more than one post to the "Office of the cadres and workers to deal with specific issues. Adhere to the new period of the focus group the overall work, in-depth analysis and

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